Furadan Buy-Back in East Africa
Beginning in the spring of 2009, FMC implemented a Furadan buy-back program from distribution centers and retailers in Kenya, and during the summer of 2009, the company implemented the same program in Uganda and Tanzania. That same year FMC sent its own personnel and a specially-retained consultant to Kenya and surrounding countries, traveling over 25,000 kilometers to search for Furadan in local “Agrovet” retail shops (where many farmers shop for their agricultural supplies)to encourage them to participate in our buy-back program. FMC exported from Africa all Furadan that it repurchased from Africa in February 2010. The buy-back programs in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania remain open today for any Furadan product that might still be found in these countries.
If product is found, please contact FMC through the link below and let us know that exact location of the product. We will send someone to purchase it. FMC has no plans to re-introduce the product in these countries in the future.
Maasai Mara Incident
In early 2008, FMC was made aware of a potential lion poisoning in the Maasai Mara Reserve in Kenya. We offered our cooperation in developing and interpreting evidence of any carbofuran involvement to the government agency conducting the official investigation. In concert we opened our own investigation. The investigation of the Mara incident was conducted by the Pest Control Product Board (PCPB) the Kenyan government agency that regulates pesticide products. The PCPB worked with the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) during the course of their investigation.
The PCPB-KEPHIS investigation determined that "there was no connection found between the dead animals and the suspected chemical [carbofuran]."
FMC also conducted its own investigation. We wanted to make every effort to determine the root cause of the death of these animals and better understand the allegations of misuse. FMC sent a regulatory scientist into the region to work with our local distributor, the local industry association, as well as government and NGO officials to determine if our product was involved. We interviewed officials from the Mara Conservancy, PCPB, the government lab that conducted the TLC analyses on the Mara samples, KEPHIS, who conducted the HPLC analysis of PCPB's samples, KWS (Kenyan Wildlife Srervice) and Serena Lodge managers and staff.
Among our findings were:
- The lodge and staff quarters area are almost entirely encircled by an electric fence making it virtually impossible for a hippo to enter the lodge grounds to feed.
- No Furadan products were used at the lodge or by the staff on their small garden.
- There is no agriculture in the Maasai Mara Reserve, so there is no reason to use Furadan or any other agricultural products within the Reserve.
- No detectable residues of carbofuran were found in soil or plant samples.
- It is unlikely that the hippos died from direct ingestion of Furadan granules since a single hippo would have to eat 700,000 granules to reach a toxic dose. A single lion would have to consume 19,680 kg of hippo meat or about 10 entire hippos to reach a toxic dose.
Based on these findings and scientific data, we reached the same conclusion as the PCPB that there was no connection between carbofuran and the deaths of the animals.